Annual report 2022


 The Climate Leadership Coalition (‘CLC’) believes that profound transition to a sustainable world is not only possible but also economically justifiable and financially affordable. CLC is the largest non-profit climate business network in Europe, with offices in Finland, Sweden and Denmark. Our members strive to be leaders in the fight against climate change in their respective fields. Our goal is to introduce business solutions that together can make a significant positive impact on our planet’s climate.

YEAR 2022

96 members 19 policy proposals 30 meetings with member organizations

EUR 1,149,632 in net sales Offices in three countries Focus on the EU

Global cost of carbon dioxide Carbon handprint Carbon cycles


The global economy underwent a number of dramatic changes in 2022. The COVID-19 pandemic and growing political tensions made life more difficult for all our members. CLC continued its determined efforts to curb climate change, facilitate climate-friendly business and build an operating environment that promotes scalable solutions.

We work in close cooperation with our members to come up with new ways for society to accelerate the green transition and reduce emissions. Our members are among the global leaders in the fight against climate change in their respective fields. Our goal is to introduce business solutions that together can make a significant positive impact on our planet’s climate.

Starting my term as CEO on 1 April 2022 was easy thanks to the solid foundation built by my predecessor, Jouni Keronen. We revised our strategy over the summer, which involved setting clearer values and procedures for CLC and identifying our strategic priorities for the latter half of 2022 and the year 2023.

I made a promise when I took over as CEO to meet the heads of all our member organizations, and I am getting very close to meeting that goal. My tour has given me good insight into what our members want, and this has allowed us to make great progress towards the first of our strategic priorities, which is to strengthen member engagement. We have created an intranet portal for our members where they can find all our resources, and we have listened to their wishes and increased the number of face-to-face meetings in Helsinki. Our Member Relations Specialist Senni Raunio and our Office Coordinator Lena Höglund, who joined CLC in the summer, have played especially important roles in this.

Our second strategic priority is to increase lobbying at EU level. This has recently involved, for example, drafting position papers on land use and communicating our views to the European Commission. The process has been coordinated by our Development Director Juha Turkki and Agriculture Specialist Minttu Liuhto. We also felt that it was important for us to have a say in Finland’s national politics in 2022 and consequently enlisted the help of one of our newest members, Boston Consulting Group, to produce an analysis of the priorities identified in the Sustainable Growth Programme for Finland, which was published in February 2023. CLC’s role is to encourage decision-makers to speed up the green transition by attracting investments via predictable and ambitious policies and systemic market-driven solutions.

Our third strategic priority is to promote Nordic cooperation and establish ourselves in Sweden and Denmark. We took the first steps towards that goal in the autumn of 2022, but tangible results will not begin to materialise until later in 2023.

CLC organized Theme Group meetings for its members throughout 2022 and submitted a number of proposals relating to climate policy to the European Commission, national governments and other stakeholders.

I am proud of the impact that CLC is having on Finnish and European economic, industrial and climate policy. We have become a highly respected source of advice, and more and more people listen to our views and appreciate our work. We would not be where we are today without the determination and commitment of our members.

I am confident that our members will continue their fight against climate change and biodiversity loss in 2023 as well. Our role is to support them in their valuable work.

March 2023

Tuuli Kaskinen


CLC’s mission is to boost the global competitiveness of businesses and research organizations as well as their ability to respond to the threats posed by climate change and the scarcity of natural resources and to take advantage of the associated business opportunities. CLC promotes international best practices and their adoption worldwide.

CLC’s core belief is that profitable, sustainable business is the most efficient way to respond to global environmental challenges.

CLC pursues its mission by

  • bringing together private and public organizations as well as individuals who share its objectives,
  • pooling and sharing information with its members about global environment-related trends and comparing best practices introduced in other countries,
  • initiating development projects that support its mission,
  • making proposals to ministries and government agencies on developing the innovation system and research programmes,
  • organizing seminars and events to raise awareness and to find new business opportunities,
  • acting as a collaborative platform for its members and representing its members in international cooperation organizations,
  • identifying know-how to use as a model for efficient mitigation of climate change and communicating this on international fora, and
  • taking other action as required to promote its cause.



At the end of 2022, CLC had 96 organizational members and 58 personal members. Seven new organizational members and four new personal members joined CLC during the year.

CLC’s CEO, staff and Board introduced CLC to several interested organizations in 2022. These presentations led to seven new organizational members joining CLC: Boston Consulting Company Nordics, Coolbrook, Miltton,, P2X Solutions, Sweco (which replaces Gaia Consulting) and the City of Vaasa.

New personal members who joined CLC in 2022 were Kati ter Horst, Kerttu Kotakorpi, Ash Pachauri and Matti Parpala.

CLC had two annual general meetings in 2022. The spring meeting was held on 1 April 2022 and the autumn meeting on 24 October 2022. In addition, an extraordinary general meeting was held on 21 November 2022.

One new member was appointed to the Board at the autumn meeting: Fiskars Group’s President and CEO Nathalie Ahlström. Stora Enso’s Executive Vice-President, Sustainability Annette Stube was appointed as a deputy member. The extraordinary meeting in November saw President and CEO of Marimekko Tiina Alahuhta-Kasko appointed as a member of the Board. The Board continues to be chaired by Karl-Henrik Sundström, with the Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra’s President Jyrki Katainen acting as Vice-Chair.

CLC’s Advisory Board convened three times in 2022. The Advisory Board’s first meeting in February focused on the role of carbon sinks in the pursuit of carbon neutrality. The meeting included topical presentations by Professor Rob Jackson from Stanford University, representing the Global Carbon Project, MEP Ville Niinistö from the European Parliament and CLC’s advisor Louis Blumberg. The Advisory Board’s second meeting in May featured a presentation by WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas on the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report, and the third meeting in October gave an opportunity for CEO Tuuli Kaskinen to present CLC’s new strategic priorities to the Advisory Board and for Development Director Juha Turkki to talk about CLC’s initiative to strengthen European carbon sinks. CLC’s former CEO Jouni Keronen became the second Chair of the Advisory Board in the spring, alongside Henrik Ehrnrooth.

CLC relocated to new offices at Hämeentie 31 in Helsinki at the end of 2022. CLC deployed Microsoft Sharepoint in November 2022 to enable professional and secure document sharing and digital working.

CLC’s operations were mostly financed through membership fees. Income from membership fees amounted to EUR 903,790.00 in 2022.



CLC had three flagships in 2022: (1) effective carbon pricing, (2) carbon handprint, and (3) a holistic strategy for the climate effects of EU land use.


CLC has promoted the development of international carbon pricing systems through the Call on Carbon campaign and by lobbying for the expansion and strengthening of the EU Emission Trading System (‘EU ETS’). Our target has been to strengthen the wider deployment and predictability of the EU ETS so as to support and incentivise the realisation of large-scale low-carbon investments.

The Call on Carbon campaign is an initiative introduced by CLC in 2021, which is now supported by leaders of more than 150 businesses, cities, universities, interest groups and networks. The signatories to the campaign represent more than 60 million businesses and farmers in more than 100 countries. The businesses involved in the network have a total market capitalisation of more than USD 25 billion, and investment assets managed by representatives of the financial sector exceed USD 120 billion. Approximately 25 per cent of the world’s businesses are involved. The campaign is led by CLC in partnership with Haga Initiative and Skift Business Climate Leaders. Another key partner in the initiative is the International Chamber of Commerce.

The Call on Carbon campaign organized two events in connection with UN conferences in 2022. The first was a hybrid side event to the Stockholm+50 meeting in June, which provided an opportunity to discuss the campaign and carbon pricing mechanisms with the partners as well as representatives of the OECD, the IMF, WeMeanBusiness and the European Commission.

The second Call on Carbon event of the year was a high-level meeting at the 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference (‘COP27’) in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt in November. Among the attendees were ICC Secretary General John W H Denton AO, WTO Director General Dr Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, OECD Deputy Director David Bradbury, IMF Assistant Director James Roaf, Secretary of the Coalition of Finance Ministers for Climate Action Pekka Moren and Marcelo Caffera from the Uruguayan Ministry of Economy and Finance. The debate was moderated by CLC’s CEO Tuuli Kaskinen. The debate established that

  • Carbon pricing mechanisms play a key role in incentivising climate-friendly investments.
  • Harmonisation is needed to align regional pricing mechanisms.
  • International organizations need to work together to provide mechanisms and guidance for harmonisation.
  • Awareness about the cost of carbon dioxide must be ramped up ahead of COP28.

Dialogue on carbon pricing mechanisms with the aforementioned organizations is set to continue in 2023.

CLC was also represented at an event hosted by Volvo Cars at COP27, which focused on carbon pricing mechanisms introduced by individual businesses.


CLC has been supporting VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and LUT University in their efforts to develop the concept of ‘carbon handprint’, which evaluates the positive environmental impacts of goods and services. The latest Carbon Handprint Guide, published in 2021, can be found here. CLC continues the debate on the need to develop the carbon handprint methodology and promotes the concept actively in its interactions with stakeholders in Finland and abroad.

A development project funded by Uusimaa Regional Council resulted in the publication of a Carbon Handprint Manual for Cities and Regions in January 2022, which can be found on CLC’s website. The manual is based on CLC’s study into how cities and regions can make themselves attractive to businesses that promote sustainable growth.

CLC also continued to pursue a collaboration with its Nordic partners, which focuses on the carbon handprint of Nordic businesses and is funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers. On the agenda in 2022 were a number of workshops with Nordic businesses to establish their level of knowledge and what their needs are in terms of the concept and positive climate effects. The project’s final report was published in February 2023.

In 2022 CLC also initiated a project funded by the Foundation of the Confederation of Finnish Industry and Employers, which is aimed at paving the way for the global deployment of the concept of carbon handprint. During the project, CLC organised the International Carbon Handprint Award in collaboration with Vancouver Economic Commission and investigated the compatibility of the carbon handprint methodology with international standards and EU law. The final report on the project is due to be published in the spring of 2023.

In addition to the product-specific handprint that CLC has developed with its partners, there have been calls for a national definition of the concept. CLC worked towards this in 2022 especially in the context of the preparations for the spring 2023 Finnish parliamentary election. CLC also participates in a group set up by the Finnish Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment, which is tasked with exploring the use of the carbon handprint concept to promote export trade.

International Carbon Handprint Award

CLC launched a carbon handprint competition for Finnish businesses in 2021 and handed out the awards on Zero Emissions Day. A carbon handprint project funded by the Confederation of Finnish Industry and Employers allowed CLC to make the competition global and host the first ever International Carbon Handprint Award competition in collaboration with Vancouver Economic Commission in 2022. The competition was launched at a side event to the GLOBE Forum in Vancouver, Canada on 31 March 2022.

The competition had an international panel of judges, which included Bryan Buggey, Co-chair and Director of Vancouver Economic Commission, Jouni Keronen, Co-chair of CLC’s Advisory Board, Richard W Corey, former Executive Officer of the California Air Resources Board, Malte Lohan, Director General of Orgalim, Europe’s Technology Industries and Tiina Pajula, Principal Scientist at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. Competition entries were submitted via a website.

The awards ceremony was arranged as a side event in connection to New York Climate Week on 21 September 2022. The winners were Schneider Electric, which received the Most Climate Positive Carbon Handprint Product Award for its Altivar variable speed drives, and SSAB, which earned the High Potential Carbon Handprint Innovation Award for HYBRIT, a revolutionary fossil-free steel-making technology that helps to eliminate carbon dioxide emissions. The jury also granted three companies Honorary Certificates: Neste MY Renewable Diesel in the Most Climate Positive Carbon Handprint Product category as well as Schneider Electric for its RM AirSeT gas-insulated switchgear and Polar Night Energy for its thermal energy storage solution, both in the High Potential Carbon Handprint Innovation category.



CLC continued to work on policy proposals relating to the climate effects of EU land use, which it had started in 2021. CLC is currently in the process of drafting two separate position papers, one on the land use effects of forestry and the positive climate effects of forestry biomaterials and bioproducts, and one on increasing carbon sinks in agriculture. The policy proposals are motivated by concerns over the dramatic loss of European carbon sinks over the last ten years and, on the other hand, awareness of how long it takes to rehabilitate forest-based carbon sinks in particular. The proposals advocate for a holistic EU-wide long-term land use strategy to strengthen carbon sinks and reduce emissions from land use. The position papers are being finalised in the beginning of 2023.

CLC has also started work on a policy proposal concerning the possibilities of using green ammonia as fertilisers and marine fuels as well as in energy storage. Green ammonia is not only a low-carbon alternative but also has significant potential in ensuring self-sufficiency in the aforementioned areas.



Zero Emissions Day

CLC hosted two Zero Emissions Day events in 2022 and invested heavily in promoting its members’ events.

CLC and Vancouver Economic Commission handed out the first International Carbon Handprint Awards to Schneider Electric and SSAB in connection with New York Climate Week.

A networking event was organized in the Lempäälä Ideapark shopping complex, where several local operators showcased their upcoming climate solutions and the importance of climate partnerships. The main goal of the event was to raise awareness about environmental issues and ways to reduce emissions among the public in general and local residents, decision-makers and parishioners in particular.

CLC’s members also ran their own events and campaigns on Zero Emissions Day, and Otaniemi Upper Secondary School in Espoo organized a Zero Emissions Day event for schools. The Golf Course Association Finland hosted a climate seminar that explored the role of golf clubs in climate change mitigation.



CLC is an observer organization of the United Nations and therefore given observer passes to UN Climate Change Conferences (‘Convention of the Parties’ or ‘COP’) each year. The 2022 Climate Change Conference (‘COP27’) was held in Sharm El-Sheikh in Egypt, where CLC sent a delegation of eight representatives of its organizational members. The members represented during the first week of the meeting were Aalto University, Vestas andCoolbrook, and the members represented during the second week of the meeting were Wärtsilä, Huhtamäki, St1, Stora Enso and

CLC’s priorities in discussions at COP27 were increasing climate investments, promoting carbon pricing and showcasing the carbon handprint concept. A debate at the sidelines of the negotiations, assembled by Call on Carbon, an initiative led by CLC, explored ways to harmonise regional emission trading systems with the WTO, the IMF and the OECD. It is possible that progress can be made in this regard even before the next COP.

One of CLC’s goals at COP27 was to raise awareness about the carbon handprint methodology. Carbon handprint – a concept developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, LUT University and CLC – measures the positive climate effects that can be achieved through the adoption of a new product or service compared to existing alternatives in the same category. The concept attracted a lot of interest among COP27 attendees. CLC – together with the Finnish Ministry of the Environment, the Confederation of Finnish Industries and the Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra – hosted one of the official side events to the Climate Change Conference to showcase the carbon handprint methodology. More information about the outcomes of COP27 from CLC’s perspective can be found on CLC’s website.

Other events

CLC hosted a formal dinner for the heads of fifteen of its organizational members in connection with Vice-President of the European Commission Frans Timmermans’s visit to Finland on 9 June 2022. The topics discussed at the dinner were the ‘Fit for 55’ package and the REPowerEU initiative to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

On 17 August 2022, CLC threw a retirement party for Jouni Keronen, which was attended by 110 representatives of CLC’s members and partners. The festivities coincided with CLC’s strategic planning seminar, which featured speeches by Secretary-General of the WMO Petteri Taalas and European Green Deal Advisor at the European Commission’s Directorate-General Climate Action Kurt Vandenberghe.



  • Organization leaders: ‘It is time to speed up climate action and rapidly reduce dependency on fossil fuels’, 7 March 2022. In addition to CLC, the open letter was signed by leaders of the Confederation of Unions for Professional and Managerial Staff in Finland (Akava), the Confederation of Finnish Industries (EK), Finnish Development NGOs (Fingo), the Central Organization of Finnish Trade Unions (SAK) and the Finnish Confederation of Professionals (STTK).
  • Statement of the Climate Leadership Coalition Board on delaying climate policies and lowering fossil prices, 24 March 2022.
  • CLC Statement on the IPCC report and the urgency of climate action, 8 April 2022.
  • CLC: Finland needs a bolder hydrogen strategy, 18 May 2022.
  • CLC’s letter to EU leaders: Absolute cap on energy use threatens development of hydrogen economy, 22 June 2022.
  • CLC’s take on the resolutions of COP27: ‘A lean compromise is better than a fat lawsuit’, 20 November 2022. Four blog posts were also published on CLC’s intranet.
  • CLC Statement: A start should be made without delay on preparations for a Finnish industrial policy strategy for a hydrogen economy, 15 December 2022.

CLC made the following policy proposals to the EU in 2022:

CLC submitted the following statements to the Finnish Government in 2022:

  • Statement to the Commerce Committee concerning the Climate Change Bill (HE 27/2022 vp), 23 March 2022.
  • Statement to the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment concerning the draft version of the national Climate and Energy Strategy VN/11385/2020, 18 May 2022.
  • Statement to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry concerning the draft version of the Climate Plan for the Land Use Sector (VN/4507/2021), 23 May 2022.
  • Statement to the Commerce Committee concerning the Government’s communication to Parliament on the Commission’s proposal for recasting the Energy Efficiency Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council (U 48/2021 vp), 15 June 2022.
  • Statement to the Commerce Committee on the basic memorandum (VM2022-00440) concerning the Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2021/241 as regards REPowerEU chapters in recovery and resilience plans and amending Regulation (EU) 2021/1060, Regulation (EU) 2021/2115, Directive 2003/87/EC and Decision (EU) 2015/1814 – Presidency compromise text, 23 September 2022
  • Statement to the Commerce Committee concerning the government report on the Climate Plan for the Land Use Sector VNS 7/2022, 19 October 2022.
  • Statement to the Commerce Committee concerning the government report on Finland’s Medium-term Climate Change Policy Plan VNS 4/2022 vp, 19 October 2022.
  • Statement to the Commerce Committee concerning the government report on the national Climate and Energy Strategy, 19 October 2022.
  • Statement to the Commerce Committee concerning the follow-up communication (U 26/2022 vp) on the Commission’s proposal for recasting the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council, 27 September 2022.
  • Statement to the Commerce Committee concerning the Finnish Climate Fund Bill (HE 116/2022 vp), 14 November 2022.
  • Statement on the Decree of the Ministry of the Environment on climate reports on buildings (VN/14758/2021), 14 November 2022.

The statements can be read on CLC’s website.


CLC’s Theme Groups give members an opportunity to network and learn from each other, contribute to the preparation of CLC’s impact work and hear from visiting experts. CLC organized a total of 31 Theme Group meetings and webinars in 2022. The majority of the events were conducted in English, and guest speakers included experts from various businesses and research organizations as well as representatives of the authorities of other Nordic countries and the European Commission. CLC had a total of 13 Theme Groups in 2022, as well as a Strategy Leaders’ Group and a Climate Policy Group.

Theme GroupsChairFacilitator
Agriculture and FoodMatti Rihko (University of Turku)Minttu Liuhto
Sustainable DietsNina Elomaa (S Group)Minttu Liuhto
Carbon Footprint and HandprintTiina Pajula (VTT)Sari Siitonen
Cities for Green GrowthSuvi Häkämies (Gaia)Senni Raunio
Circular Economy Kari Mokko
HealthJaana Halonen (THL)Minttu Liuhto
Communication Kari Mokko
ConstructionOtto Wille-Koste (Demos)Senni Raunio
EnergyPami Aalto (Tampere University)Juha Turkki
FinanceTimo Tyrväinen (CLC)Timo Tyrväinen
ForestPetteri Pihlajamäki (Afry)Minttu Liuhto
P2XAntti Arasto (VTT)Juha Turkki
TransportHeikki Liimatainen (Tampere University)Minttu Liuhto
Leadership Group  
Strategy Leaders (with Combient Pure)Marika Määttä (Combient Pure)Tuuli Kaskinen
Policy Group  
Climate PolicyJuha Turkki (CLC)Juha Turkki



The objective of the Agriculture and Food Theme Group is to reduce emissions in the agricultural and food sector as well as to increase carbon sinks and promote new potential low-carbon food production methods and technologies.

On the agenda in 2022 were the sector’s emission reduction challenges and actions both in Finland across the EU. Other topics of conversation included the transformation potential of the agricultural sector and the role of businesses in the green transition. The Theme Group also convened due to the dramatic geopolitical developments of 2022 to discuss their impact on Finland’s agricultural sector and self-sufficiency, and the potential of green ammonia as a sustainable fertiliser and marine fuel. In addition, the Agriculture and Food Theme Group reviewed CLC’s position papers to the European Commission concerning agricultural land use and green ammonia.

The Theme Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • reducing emissions from agriculture,
  • increasing agricultural carbon sinks, and
  • promoting the production and use of green ammonia as an agricultural fertiliser.


The Sustainable Diets Theme Group’s objective is to explore the purpose of healthy and environmentally friendly diets and their impact on emission reductions. In addition to the role that diets play, the Theme Group seeks to better understand food production technologies and techniques that can help to reduce emissions from the food sector.

The Theme Group’s focus in 2022 was on national and international initiatives and studies on consumption patterns and the promotion of healthy diets among consumers, as well as on the role and responsibility of marketing in promoting sustainable and climate-friendly food choices. The Theme Group also examined the development stages of the production process of cultured meat as well as its environmental effects and emission reduction potential.

The Theme Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • carbon accounting and reduction potential across the entire value chain as well as producer-specific climate actions in the food sector,
  • sustainable food packaging materials as well as the new EU Single-Use Plastic Directive, and
  • the impact and potential of the carbon handprint methodology in the food sector.


The objective of the Carbon Footprint and Handprint Theme Group is to follow the progress of national and international programmes and initiatives that are aimed at reducing carbon emissions as well as to facilitate the dissemination of best practices in carbon footprint quantification, emission mitigation and communication.

The year 2022 saw CLC begin a project funded by the Confederation of Finnish Industry and Employers, which paves the way for the global deployment of the concept of carbon handprint. The project is coordinated by the Carbon Footprint and Handprint Theme Group. The Nordic Handprint project, which was launched in 2021, also continued in 2022.

The Theme Group convened four times in 2022. The first meeting focused on the ‘Carbon Handprint Manual for Cities and Regions’, which was published in February 2022. The second meeting of the year explored the role of digitalisation in promoting the green transition. The third meeting included presentations about climate action in the Kera neighbourhood of Espoo and the technologies that won Carbon Handprint Awards or were given Honorary Certificates at the award ceremony. The fourth meeting of the year was a joint meeting with the Transport Theme Group, which focused on ways to measure emissions in the logistics sector.

The Theme Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • promoting the use of the carbon footprint concept across the EU in accordance with CLC’s policy proposal, and
  • promoting the use of the carbon handprint concept worldwide.


The main objective of the Communication Theme Group is to facilitate the dissemination of best practices through communication.

The Theme Group convened once in 2022, and it was to discuss sustainability communication in the context of Vestas’s new sustainability programme.

The Theme Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • evaluating the green communication potential of CLC and its organizational members,
  • studying the acceptability and desirability of climate actions from the perspective of communication, and
  • learning together about green claims rules.


The Construction Theme Group explores new solutions and assessment methods for low-carbon construction.

Over the past five years, the Theme Group has mostly focused on reviewing the carbon footprint assessment method for buildings, developed by the Finnish Ministry of the Environment, and learning from each other. On the Theme Group’s agenda in 2022 were ESG reporting, circular economy and wood as a building material. The Theme Group convened three times in 2022.

The Theme Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • promoting a holistic approach to construction, including both the embodied and operational climate effects of buildings, and
  • exploring the role of the carbon handprint concept in the construction sector as well as new materials.


The Energy Theme Group focuses on developing smart, flexible and low-carbon solutions for the energy market. The Theme Group was chaired by Professor Pami Aalto from Tampere University and facilitated by Juha Turkki. In April 2022, the Theme Group hosted a webinar giving background to the European Commission’s REPowerEU initiative, which was attended by representatives of multiple stakeholders. CLC used the findings of the webinar to compile a list of recommended actions to accelerate the move away from fossil fuels to promote the Commission’s initiative. The Theme Group also had one other meeting during the year.

The Theme Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • reviewing and responding to the REPowerEU initiative, and
  • developing an energy market model to ensure adequate investment in low-carbon energy production.


The P2X Theme Group broadly promotes the deployment of hydrogen economy solutions. The Theme Group is chaired by Antti Arasto from VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and facilitated by Juha Turkki. In 2022, the Theme Group’s focus was on accelerating work on Finland’s national hydrogen strategy. The Theme Group convened four times and played an important role in the drafting of CLC’s position paper ‘A start should be made without delay on preparations for a Finnish industrial policy strategy for a hydrogen economy’, which was published towards the end of the year.

The Theme Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • developing a market model to ensure a demand-driven market for hydrogen/P2X solutions,
  • showcasing and developing business models relating to different areas of the hydrogen economy, and
  • contributing to the drafting of Finland’s national hydrogen economy strategy.


The Finance Theme Group’s objective is to facilitate carbon pricing and to increase understanding about the economic risks and opportunities involved in climate change and evolving climate policy.

The Theme Group continued to promote TCFD recommendations in Finland and across the Nordic countries. The Theme Group collaborated with others to organize a sustainability reporting competition for Finnish businesses. The Theme Group also ran a number of events focusing on the financing of the green transition, the European Central Bank’s new position on climate change, upcoming changes to the IFRS Accounting Taxonomy and the adoption of TCFD recommendations by Finnish businesses and financial institutions. The Theme Group convened four times in 2022.

The Theme Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • exploring initiatives promoting efficient carbon pricing,
  • learning about challenges that businesses and financial institutions have faced in respect of the implementation of the EU Taxonomy and the European Commission’s reactions to the critique, and
  • promoting the use of TCFD recommendations in Finland and other Nordic countries as well as supporting the IFRS Climate Exposure Draft.


The objective of the Forest Theme Group is to promote forest-based carbon sequestration as well as sustainable forest policy. The Theme Group’s focus in 2022 was on analysing the impact of growing geopolitical tensions on the Finnish forest sector and its stability and self-sufficiency. The Theme Group also reviewed Finland’s Climate Plan for the Land Use Sector and studied its impact on carbon sinks, the forest industry and efforts to conserve biodiversity. The worrying situation regarding the depletion of carbon sinks was also discussed. In addition, the Forest Theme Group reviewed CLC’s position paper on land use to the European Commission.

The Theme Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • the forest sector’s export potential and Finland’s new government programme,
  • coordinating and implementing the Greenhouse Gas Protocol as well as GHG reporting in the land use sector, and
  • reviewing the current status and outlook of the EU’s land use carbon market.


The objective of the Transport Theme Group is to help CLC members to jointly develop and offer solutions for reducing carbon emissions from transport and traffic. In 2022, the Theme Group’s focus was on understanding the electrification potential of heavy goods vehicles as well as the effects of the global energy crisis and rising fuel prices on society, businesses and the future of electric cars. The Theme Group also explored emission accounting, reporting and emission reduction potential in the logistics sector.

The Theme Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • prerequisites for the electrification of vehicle technology and low-carbon road transport,
  • promoting hydrogen and other alternative fuels, and
  • lobbying for low-carbon road infrastructure.


The Health Theme Group seeks to understand the physiological and psychological effects of climate change on human health, find ways to prevent these negative effects and promote strategies to reduce emissions in the health sector. In 2022, the Theme Group examined both private-sector and public-sector climate actions and their impacts in Finland and studied the positive effects of climate-friendly diets on public health as well as the effects of climate change on physical and mental health.

The Theme Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • increasing understanding of the direct and indirect health-related societal and economic impacts of climate change, and
  • the effect of climate change on infections, zoonotic diseases and epidemics.


The Theme Group convened twice in 2022. Among the items on the agenda were energy clusters and climate indicators in cities, as well as welcoming the City of Vaasa to CLC.

The Theme Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • promoting sustainable growth in cities and regions, and
  • deploying the carbon handprint concept in cities and regions both in Finland and across the EU.


A new group called the Strategy Leaders’ Group was established in 2022 in collaboration with Combient Pure. The members of the Group are strategy leaders representing both Combient Pure’s and CLC’s members. The Group seeks answers to climate change-related questions and challenges that strategy leaders have encountered. The Group had its first meeting in the autumn of 2022, and the topic was climate action as a strategic priority and in the context of sustainability management.

The Strategy Leaders’ Group’s priorities for the year 2023 are

  • climate strategy management systems, and
  • evaluation of climate investments.


The primary role of the Climate Policy Group is to help to draft and comment on CLC’s policy proposals and statements to the EU and its Member States. The Group mostly communicates via e-mail. In 2022, the Group was chaired by CLC’s Juha Turkki.



CLC was vocal throughout 2022 and its expertise was well received.

In 2022, CLC systematically built and strenghtened its good relations with the media. CLC has established a relationship with 40 Finnish journalists, whom it regularly contacts directly to invite them to debates and to keep them abreast of CLC’s progress.

CLC sends out electronic newsletters to its members approximately once every three months. All news about membership and upcoming events are published on CLC’s website in Finnish and English. In addition, the news are also shared on CLC’s social media channels.

In 2022, CLC published a total of 54 press releases on its Finnish website, 32 press releases on its English website and seven press releases via the Finnish News Agency STT. All the press releases can be found on CLC’s website at (in Finnish) and (in English).

CLC’s global media presence in 2022 was mostly based on the International Carbon Handprint Award, which was featured in articles published by, for example, Yahoo!, Finance and MarketScreener.

Links to news articles about CLC can be found in CLC’s media archives at

CLC had 2,200 followers on Twitter at the end of 2022. Individual members of CLC’s staff also have a loyal following. CLC has had a profile on LinkedIn since January 2021 and it now has 937 followers.


The composition of CLC’s Board was as follows at the end of 2022:

Karl-Henrik Sundström (Chair)

Jyrki Katainen (Vice-Chair)

Nathalie Ahlström

Tiina Alahuhta-Kasko

Pekka Ala-Pietilä

Jonas Gustavsson

Merja Kivelä

Pekka Timonen

Deputy members:

Minna Aila

Liina Aulin

Jaakko Hirvola

Annette Stube

Riikka Joukio

Secretary (non-board member):

Lena Höglund

CLC staff:

Jouni Keronen, Chief Executive Officer until 31 March 2022

Tuuli Kaskinen, Chief Executive Officer as of 31 March 2022

Kari Mokko, Development Director, Networks and Communications until 28 February 2023

Juha Turkki, Development Director, Systemic Climate Solutions

Minttu Liuhto, Specialist, Climate Change

Senni Raunio, Specialist, Project Development

Lena Höglund, Office Coordinator as of 1 May 2022


External advisors:

Sari Siitonen, Senior Advisor, Carbon Footprint and Handprint

Timo Tyrväinen, Chief Economist

Louis Blumberg, Advisor, US Climate Policy


The autumn meeting involved confirming the action plan, estimates of income and expenses and the amounts of joining and membership fees for the following calendar year. CLC charges no joining fees from new members. Membership fees are payable as of the beginning of 2023. The only change relates to the fee payable by personal members, which has been raised from EUR 11 in 2022 to EUR 20 in 2023.

  • EUR 11,000.00 for large organizations (net sales of EUR 50 million or more)
  • EUR 5,500.00 for small organizations (net sales of less than EUR 50 million)
  • EUR 5,500.00 for small associations (less than 20 persons)
  • EUR 2,500.00 for foundations and startups
  • EUR 20.00 for personal members



CLC’s operations were mostly financed through membership fees. Income from membership fees amounted to EUR 903,790.00 in 2022 (2021: EUR 885,440.00), income from grants to EUR 242,841.99 (EUR 20,111.61) and income from other sources to EUR 3,000 (0), and CLC’s expenses came to EUR 1,074,987.52 (EUR 817,096.31). Profit for the year amounted to EUR 74,644.47 (EUR 88,455.30). CLC’s equity when books were closed stood at EUR 285,136.46 (EUR 210,491.99).

CLC’s income for the year 2022 was estimated at EUR 1,051,440.00 and expenses at EUR 1,048,950.00 as per the autumn meeting of 2021.



The Board convened eight times in 2022. Three meetings were held per capsulam. CLC’s auditors are PricewaterhouseCoopers Oy. The auditor-in-charge is Authorised Public Accountant Jukka Paunonen, and the deputy auditor is Authorised Public Accountant Heini Hänninen.



CLC ramped up its climate action in 2019 by drawing up instructions for its staff on ways to minimise emissions from travel and when organizing events.

CLC’s staff flew a total of 46,270 kilometres globally in 2022. The destinations were Vancouver in Canada, New York in the United States, Brussels in Belgium and Sharm El-Sheikh in Egypt. The resulting emissions (approximately 3,228 kg/CO2) were offset three times over through the United Nations carbon offset forum’s Project 7461, which promotes solar power generation at Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India.


The Board’s assessment of the year 2022 is that CLC not only met but in fact exceeded its targets. All key projects succeeded beyond expectations, and CLC gained significant international recognition. The Board is pleased with the results.



Organizational members (as at 31 December 2022):

Aalto University




Bank of Åland


Boston Consulting Group Nordics


Castren & Snellman


Central Union of Agricultural Producers and Forest Owners (MTK)

City of Espoo

City of Lahti

City of Pori

City of Porvoo

City of Tampere

City of Turku

City of Vaasa

Combient Pure

Confederation of Unions for Professional and Managerial Staff in Finland (Akava)


Demos Helsinki






EVLI Alexander Incentives


Finance Finland


Finnish Bus and Coach Association

Finnish Commerce Federation

Finnish Energy

Finnish Environment Institute (Syke)

Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra

Finnish Institute of Health and Welfare (THL)


Fiskars Group



Gasgrid Finland


Hanken School of Economics



Husqvarna Group

Iin Micropolis






Lassila & Tikanoja


LUT University

Metso Outotec


Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke)



P2X Solutions

Porvoon Energia


Procopé & Hornborg


Saint Gobain Finland



Service Sector Employers PALTA

S Group



Stora Enso


Tampere University

Technology Industries of Finland


Tiina and Antti Herlin Foundation


Turku Energia

University of Eastern Finland

University of Helsinki

University of Oulu

University of Turku

University of Vaasa




VR Group



VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland



Personal members (as at 31 December 2022):

Aila Aho, Esko Aho, Pekka Ala-Pietilä, Alviina Alametsä, Mirva Antila, Ben Banerjee, Anne Berner, Louis Blumberg, Bryan Buggey, Joseph Carvin, Ian Dunlop, Henrik Ehrnrooth, Juhani Eskola, Antti Herlin, Allen Hershkowitz, Jaakko Hirvola, Simo Honkanen, Jukka Honkaniemi, Kari Huoponen, Jaana Husu-Kallio, Tapio Kanninen, George Kell, Cary Krosinsky, Hannu Korhonen, Pertti Korhonen, Markku Kulmala, Miapetra Kumpula-Natri, Erkki Liikanen, Markku Markkula, Jaakko Mustakallio, Kari Mäkinen, Kai Mykkänen, Ava Numminen-Päiväläinen, Jorma Ollila, Jeremy Oppenheim, Anneli Pauli, Pekka Pesonen, Sirpa Pietikäinen, Hannele Pokka, Matti Rihko, Prachi Shevgaonkar, Morits Skaugen, Mikko Spolander, Leo Stranius, Karl-Henrik Sundström, Petteri Taalas, Nils Torvalds, Timo Tyrväinen, Esko Valtaoja, Risto Volanen, Veikko Välilä, Marcus Wallenberg, Gregory H. Watson, Anders Wijkman, Ash Pachauri, Matti Parpala, Kati ter Horst and Kerttu Kotakorpi.